Electric automobiles are the vehicles for the future, they are also gradually becoming the vehicles of the present. Electric scooters are becoming very popular in India. They provide the same if not better performance than their petrol counterpart while also being eco-friendly and more economical in the long run. What kind of batteries do these scooters use? What kind of batteries can power these vehicles that weigh close to 90 kilograms around the city? Well, you would be surprised to know that these scooters use the same kind of batteries same battery that many phones and laptops use. Yes, while that may sound surprising, the fact is that electric scooters are powered by the same technology as many portable electronic devices such as smartphones and laptops. Lithium-ion batteries are rechargeable and lightweight, this makes them the optimum choice to power a variety of electronic gadgets ranging from phones to laptops and have proven to be reliable while providing the energy necessary for a moped to commute within the city.
Power Of Electric Scooter Batteries
Well, these are lithium ion batteries built to suit the needs of electric scooters and aren’t exactly the same as mobile and laptop batteries. In addition, lithium-ion batteries have the highest electrochemical potential, and therefore provide more energy density for the cell. Well, what does that mean? Simply put it means that these batteries can store a lot more energy for their weight as compared to older models. In fact, these batteries provide almost twice the amount of energy density as previously used lead-acid batteries. This means that the battery will be light and won’t act like an anchor and add unnecessary weight to your vehicle, while still providing the required power.
These batteries are also great in terms of maintenance to help enhance your scooter’s performance. Lithium-Ion batteries are very low maintenance. While it takes approximately 9 hours to charge a lead acid battery, Lithium-ion batteries in scooters can be fully charged within 3-4 hours. Additionally, if you own an electric scooter, you’ll have no need to plan any prolonged priming. A single regular charge will more than suffice. They also have a low self-discharge. Self-Discharge is the amount of energy a battery consumes without actually being in use. Lithium-ion batteries lose almost half the amount energy as other alternatives such as lead acid or nickel-cadmium do without being used. That therefore makes these batteries an ideal choice for use in automobiles, especially when you take into consideration traffic conditions. Finally, these batteries also don’t have to be replaced as often. An electric scooter can go through between 300 and 500 charging cycles before it begins to start losing power. This would suggest that we can estimate about a year of use without any noticeable decline. After being in use for a year the vehicle will still retain around 75% of it’s original battery storage capacity. Hence, you can expect your battery to last between 3-4 years before it needs to be replaced. Sometimes a decrease in battery capacity outside of depreciation through normal use occurs through chemical crystal formation on the battery. If you are alert and able to spot a drop in your battery’s total performance, you may be able to rectify the issue by simply replacing a few cells in the battery rather than the entire apparatus. If its too late however, then replacing the battery is the only plausible option
Eco-Friendly Lithium-Ion Batteries
In line with being eco-friendly lithium-ion batteries are very recyclable. E-waste has a reputation for being exceedingly hurtful to the environment. Lithium ion batteries however, can be recycled in a number of ways. The most common way to recycle these batteries is called pyrometallurgical recovery. This method uses a high temperature furnace in order to smelt the batteries and consequently recover the desired metals. Similarly hydrometallurgical recovery involves the use of liquid solutions in particular sulfuric acid in order to recoup the desired metals from the battery. The final method is known as direct recycling. Direct recycling refers to the removal of the cathode and anode from the battery, restoring and reconditioning it, before subsequently using it in a new battery component.
These batteries do however need a few additional components in order to perform efficiently. While lithium-ion batteries provide a wide array of benefits they tend to react more harshly to environmental conditions and misuse than other batteries. A complete discharge or overcharge can cause the battery to lose its efficiency or possibly even have dangerous thermal reactions. In order to protect your vehicle against these problems all electric scooter batteries come in battery packs that provide a battery management system. A battery management system will monitor the discharge and overcharge of the battery. More advanced BMS systems will also monitor the battery’s temperature and will subsequently cut it off should it start to overheat.
Finally, what we should keep in mind is that the lithium-ion battery is a relatively young technology. The first commercial lithium-ion battery was released only as recently as 1991. Hence, lithium-ion is a technology that is currently undergoing a stage of evolution. This means we can expect these batteries to be very different in form and function as soon as ten years from now. This means that we can expect these batteries to be even more efficient and provide better mileage at higher speeds in the future.
These modern batteries are in large part what makes electric scooters not only eco-friendly but economical as well. At MyEVStore you can get all the information you need regarding electric scooter batteries as well as top electric scooter models that are available in the market. Our goal at MyEVStore is to provide a platform where our customers can browse and compare the top electric vehicles in the market. We understand the stress that carbon emissions have placed on our vehicles and recognize the need to shift to a better alternative in order to have a more sustainable and healthy future. At MyEVStore we are committed to being on the forefront of this revolution, and aspire to make our planet a greener and much happier place when it comes time to hand it over to our children.